Acne is a problem which plagues many who are emerging into puberty and beyond. If you have an acne problem then you understand how unsightly blemishes can erode your self esteem and make you feel self conscious about your appearance. The acne industry is huge and there are hundreds of products on the market that claim to stop acne, heal acne, etcetera. Rather than touting our product, I think it is important to have an understanding of why we get acne. When children begin to enter into the Tanner stage 3 several biological functions begin working overtime. This biochemical process is what makes us into adults, physically that is. At a certain time, usually between 13-15 a change starts occurring. Girls develop breasts, boys voices become deeper, everyone gets more pubic hair and girls begin their menses. All of these changes are due to hormones. But which ones cause acne? Good question. Your adrenal gland consists of several layers. The most outer is the adrenal cortex and the most inner is the adrenal medulla which makes our flight or fight hormones such as norepinephrine and epinephrine. However, it is in the adrenal cortex specifically where all the issues which cause acne are occuring. There are three layers in your adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa, which is the most outer, the zona fasciculata and the zona reticularis. Now it gets interesting. We all have cholesterol in our bodies. It is a necessary nutrient which the body needs to make almost all hormones in your body. Not only that, cholesterol is important in maintaining the biological cell membrane where all the chemical reactions take place, within the semipermeable lipid bilayer. The adrenal gland turns cholesterol into androgens. Isn’t that just amazing. There is a chemical process by which this takes place. Let’s begin with cholesterol. Within the zona reticularis cholesterol is transformed into pregnenolone, which is then transformed into DHEA (dihydroxyepiandosterone), which is then once again transformed into ASD (androstenedione), which is again turned into testosterone, and then again into DHT (dihydrotestosterone), which is the most potent form of testosterone. Because girls don’t have testes which are responsible for making and manufacturing sperm, they don’t produce high levels of testosterone. Boy’s have a higher level because their Leydig cells in their testes make testosterone along with their adrenal gland. Which is why boys sometimes have more severe acne than girls. But if you are a girl reading this you are probably saying to yourself, I can’t possible manufacture testosterone right? Wrong! You absolutely do manufacture testosterone, well not as much as DHEA. You have to have this hormone to produce the physical changes of puberty. The estrogen is the hormone responsible for breast development and ovarian maturation, but DHEA is responsible for the production of pubic hair, underarm hair and all the oil on your skin. Now the girls may be asking another question, such as how do we make estrogen? The same molecule of cholesterol is also used to make estrogen.
Let’s get back to ance. Puberty is still a mystery to medicine. We don’t exactly know what causes it. What we do know is that the biological break is taken off in the adenohypophysis or the anterior pituitary gland that allows for a pulsatile rhythm to begin rather than a low level continuous rhythm that previously kept our hormones turned off. The kisspepin neurons are activated to manufacture GnH (gondatropin hormone) and from here the GnH stimulates the gonads to manufacture the cyclical supply of either diurnal or bihourly hormone release.
Now, with all these hormones rushing through our bodies, it is no wonder that teenagers have such a difficult time with, “growing up”.
Let’s get back to acne. I know that we kind of got of course for a moment. So if we look at our skin, we all know that we have pores. The pores in our skin have glands. Two types of glands are present in the skin over most of the body. These are sweat glands and sebaceous glands. Sweat glands are of two types again, merocrine and apocrine – the latter are restricted to specific areas like the axilla, nipple of the breast, pubic region and around the anus. Sebaceous glands are as a rule (with exceptions naturally!) associated with hair follicles and therefore absent over the palms and soles.
Sebaceous glands are holocrine glands. Their secretion, sebum, is an oily material. In this picture, note the outer cells comparable to the basal layer. As the cells grow they move inwards and accumulate their secretion. The sebaceous glands are glands found in the skin of mammals. They secrete an oily substance called sebum (Latin, meaning fat or tallow) that is made of fat (lipids) and the debris of dead fat-producing cells. These glands exist in humans throughout the skin except in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Sebum acts to protect and waterproof hair and skin, and keep them from becoming dry, brittle, and cracked. It can also inhibit the growth of microorganisms on skin.
Sebaceous glands can usually be found in hair-covered areas where they are connected to hair follicles to deposit sebum on the hairs, and bring it to the skin surface along the hair shaft. The structure consisting of hair, hair follicle and sebaceous gland is also known as pilosebaceous unit. Sebaceous glands are also found in non haired areas of lips, eyelids, penis, labia minora and nipples; here the sebum reaches the surface through ducts. In the glands, sebum is produced within specialized cells and is released as these cells burst; sebaceous glands are thus classified as holocrine glands.
So where does acne come from? It mostly comes from our sebaceous glands. So the problem is too much oil. The solution is to absorb some of that oil on oily skin. Volace can do that. If you don’t want use products that have a laundry list of ingredients that don’t sound familiar or you can’t pronounce, then you may want to try a product that is all natural and 100% clean.